BREED STANDARD FOR THE SAMOYED
Northern Russia and Siberia
Nordic Countries / NKU
publication of the original valid standard:
Sledge- and companion dog
F.C.I: Group 5 Spitz and primitive types.
Section 1.2 Nordic sledge dogs Without
The name Samoyed
derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern
Russia and Siberia. In Southern parts of the area
they used white, black and brown parti-coloured
dogs as reindeer herders; in the northern parts
the dogs were pure white, had a mild temperament
and were used as hunting- and sledge dogs. The
Samoyed dogs lived close to their owners, they
even slept within the shelters and were used as
heaters. The Brithish zoologist Ernest Kilburn
Scott spent three months among Samoyed Tribes in
1889. Returning to England he brought with him a
brown male puppy called "Sabarka".
Later he imported a cream coloured bitch called
"Whitey Petchora" from the western side
of the Urals and a snow white male called
"Musti" from Siberia. These few dogs
and those brought by the explorers are the base
for the western Samoyed. The first standard was
written in England in 1909.
Medium in size,
elegant, a white Arctic Spitz. In appearance
gives the impression of power, endurance, charm,
suppleness, dignity and self-confidence. The
expression, the so called "Samoyed
Smile" is made up of a combination of eye
shape and position, and the slightly curved up
corners of the mouth. The sex should be clearly
The length of
the body is approximately 5% more htan the height
at the withers. The depth of the body is slightly
less than the half of the height at the withers.
The muzzle is approximately as long as the skull.
alert and lively. The hunting instinct is very
slight. Never shy nor aggressive. Very social and
cannot be used as guard dog.
Viewed from the front and in profile only
slightly convex. Broadest between the ears.
Clearly defined but not too prominet. Slightly
visible furrow between the eyes.
Well developed, preferably black. During some
periods of the year the pigment of the nose can
fade to a so called "winter nose";
there must however always be dark pigment at the
edges of the nose.
Strong and deep, approximately as long as the
scull, gradually tapering towards the nose,
neither snipey nor heavy and square. The bridge
of the nose is straight.
Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners
of the mouth are slightly curved forming the
characteristic "Samoyed Smile".
Regular and complete scissor bite. The teeth and
the jaws are strong. Normal dentition.
Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets,
placed rather apart, somewhat slanting and
almond-shaped. The expression is
"smiling", kind, alert and intelligent.
The eyerims are black.
Erect, rather small, thick, triangular and
slightly rounded at the tips. They should be
mobile, set high; due to the broad skull well
Strong and of medium length with a proud
Slightly longer than the height at the withers,
deep and compact but supple.
Of medium length, muscular and straight; in
females slightly longer than in males.
Short, very strong and defined.
Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the
elbows. The ribs are well sprung.
Set rather high. When the dog i salert and in
motion the tail is carried bent from the root
forward over the back or side, but may be hanging
at rest, then reaching to the hocks.
Well placed and muscular with strong bones.
Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
Long, firm and sloping.
Oblique and close to the body. Approximately as
long as the shoulder.
Close to the body.
Strong but supple.
Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing
straight forward. Toes arched and not too tightly
knit. Elastics pads.
Viewed from behind straight and parallel with
very strong muscles.
Of medium length, rather broad and muscular.
Rather low and well angulated.
Short, strong, vertical and parallel.
As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed.
Powerful, free and tireless in appearance
with long stride. Good reach of the forequarters
and good driving power in the hindquarters.
Profuse, thick, flexible and dense polar coat.
The Samoyed is a double coated dog with, short,
soft and dense undercoat and longer, more harsh
and straight outer coat. The coat should form a
ruff around the neck and shoulders framing the
head, especially in males. On head and on front
of legs, hair is short and smooth; on outside of
ears short, standing off and smooth. Inside the
eras should be well furred. On back of the thighs
the hair forms trousers. There should be a
protective growth of hair between the toes. The
tail should be profusely covered with hair. The
coat of the female is often shorter and softer in
texture than that of the male. The correct coat
texture should always have a special glistening
Pure white, cream or white with bisquit.
(The basic colour to be white with a few bisquit
markings.) Should never give the impression of
being pale brown.
withers: Ideal heigth: male 57 cm with a
tolerance of +/- 3 cm and females 53 cm with a
tolerance of +/- 3 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which
the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
faults in structure
- Light bone
- Males not
masculine and females not feminine
- Pincer bite
- Yellow eyes
- Soft ears
- Low on the
bow-legged or cow hocked
- Wavy or
short coated throughout, long, soft or
coat hanging down
unpigmented areas on eyerims or lips.
- Eyes blue
or different colours
- Overshot or
- Ears not
- Coat colour
other than permitted in the standard
- Shy or
Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended in the scrotu,
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